Third WHO consultation on oral immunization of dogs against rabies, Geneva, 21-22 July, 1992 by World Health Organization

Cover of: Third WHO consultation on oral immunization of dogs against rabies, Geneva, 21-22 July, 1992 | World Health Organization

Published by World Helath Organization in Geneva .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Rabies vaccines.,
  • Dogs -- Preventive inoculation.,
  • Vaccination of animals.

Edition Notes

WHO publication number WHO/Rab.Res/92.38.

Book details

StatementWorld health Organization.
The Physical Object
Pagination14p. ;
Number of Pages14
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21542455M

Download Third WHO consultation on oral immunization of dogs against rabies, Geneva, 21-22 July, 1992

WHO/ Unpublished. Show simple item record. 3rd 21-22 July Consultation on Oral Immunization of Dogs against Rabies, Geneva, July / organized by WHO with the participation of the Office international des épizooties. WHO Consultation on Oral Immunization of Dogs against Rabies (‎3rd: Geneva, Switzerland)‎, World Health Organization.

Veterinary Public Health Unit & Office International des Epizooties. (‎)‎. 3rd [‎Third]‎ Consultation on Oral Immunization of Dogs against Rabies, Geneva, July / organized by WHO with the participation of the Office international des épizooties.

Bait composition for dogs and vaccine bait efficacy testing 8 General considerations on baits: 9 Attractants 9 Biomarkers 10 Efficacy testing of the vaccine bait in confined dogs 10 3.

Safety requirements for oral dog rabies candidate vaccines 12 Safety requirements for modified live vaccines (MLV) In the animal sector as dog accessibility to vaccination by the parenteral route was reported to be the major obstacle for dog rabies control in many different parts of the world sinceWHO promoted research on dog populations and achievable dog immunization.

Geneva, Switzerland July WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION research on oral rabies vaccines and field application of oral vaccination of dogs against Geneva During the third period, from tothe annual average number of cases was for animals and 10 for humans with zero and 25 human cases in and 3rd [‎Third]‎ Consultation on Oral Immunization of Dogs against Rabies, Geneva, July / organized by WHO with the participation of the Office international des épizooties  WHO Consultation on Oral Immunization of Dogs against Rabies (‎3rd: Geneva, Switzerland)‎.

Oral immunization of dogs against rabies: report of the sixth WHO consultation, Geneva, July Show simple item record. Oral immunization of dogs against rabies: report of the sixth WHO consultation, Geneva, July   Report of WHO Consultation on Requirements and Criteria for Field Trials on Oral Rabies Vaccination of Dogs and Wild Carnivores, Geneva, MarchWHO/ World Health Organization, Geneva 19 WHO.

Third Consultation on Oral Immunization of Dogs Against Rabies, Geneva, July WHO/   Oral vaccination of foxes and raccoon dogs against rabies has proven effective in controlling the disease in wildlife across the European Union, says EFSA.

Rabies in Europe occurs predominately among wildlife species, with foxes and raccoon dogs accounting for most of all rabies cases. Therefore, Geneva rabies in these species is crucial.

Oral immunization of dogs against r abies. Report of the Sixth WHO. Consultation, Geneva, July social and structural barriers for dog rabies vaccination experienced by owners in. 2nd WHO Consultation on Oral Immunization of Dogs against Rabies, Geneva, 6 July Ver/ Abrir.

_pdf (‎Kb)‎. 1. Introduction. During the last 30 years, great progress has been made in the development of oral vaccines against rabies (Wandeler, ).The primary focus of these efforts has been towards application in control against wildlife rabies in Europe and North America, by the strategic distribution of vaccine-laden baits (Stohr and Meslin,MacInnes et al., ).

Vaccination against rabies also represents a key step in the vaccination history. It is the first vaccine ever designed, after Dr Jenner’s discovery of the variolation principle (see Chapter 2). Because rabies is a threat to Public Health, Health Authorities’ policies aim at eradicating the virus, which is almost done in many developed.

1. Introduction. Globally, canine rabies is responsible for more human deaths than any other zoonotic disease, and can still be found in primarily low-resource ion of post-exposure prophylaxis to persons with bites from suspected rabid animals is integral to reducing human burden; however, vaccination of the reservoir species (most often dogs) is Third WHO consultation on oral immunization of dogs against rabies as the most.

Rabies virus vaccine is an exception. Like other inactivated vaccines, the initial dose of a rabies vaccine serves as the “priming” dose.

If a dog, after having received only 1 dose of rabies vaccine, is subsequently exposed to virulent rabies virus, exposure to the virulent virus then serves as the second, or immunizing, “dose.”.

In rabies endemic regions, a proportionally higher incidence of rabies is often reported in dogs younger than 12 months of age, which includes puppies less than 3 months of age; this presents a serious risk to public health. The higher incidence of rabies in young dogs may be the effect of low vaccination coverage in this age class, partly as a result of the perception that immature immune.

Vaccine. Rabies (killed) 1-Yr & 3-Yr vaccines are available. (NOTE: Some states do not recognize dogs vaccinated with a 1-Yr labeled rabies vaccine. All doses administered must be a 3-Yr product.) Administration. A single dose of rabies vaccine NOT EARLIER THAN 3 MO OF AGE (These recommendations may be superseded by local statutes.) Booster.

A handful of states still require annual rabies vaccination. In Texas and most US states all dogs and cats are required to be vaccinated triennially against rabies. Counties can supersede state laws, which adds even more complication.

Summing up vaccination efficacy: Vaccines. Examples of effective canine rabies control through domestic dog vaccination A study showing that transmission of dog rabies is low worldwide, hence the potential for its global elimination Successful stories of large scale canine rabies control.

Field evaluation of a dog owner, participation-based, bait delivery system for the oral immunization of dogs against rabies in Tunisia July The American journal of tropical medicine and. On day 0, 1 ml of each vaccine (or PBS) was administered to the oral cavity of each dog, at an approximate concentration of 10 8 to 10 9 TCID After vaccination, dogs were observed daily and bled weekly, for 5 weeks, prior to RV challenge.

No signs of illness related to vaccination were detected during the observation period. Introduction: To achieve the global goal of canine-mediated human rabies elimination by there is an urgent need to scale-up mass dog vaccination activities in regions with large dog populations that are difficult to access; a common situation in much of India.

Oral rabies vaccination may enable the vaccination of free-roaming dogs that are inaccessible to parenteral vaccination, and is. RABORAL V-RG has been tested for safety in numerous domestic species (dog, cat, cattle) and was proven to be safe. Only rabies vaccines administered by veterinarians are considered to be proof of vaccination.

The wildlife oral vaccine will not harm your dog or cat but the vaccine does not replace conventional rabies vaccines. Report of the Sixth WHO Consultation, Geneva, 24–25 July Geneva.

WHO document WHO/EMC/ZDI/ Ben Youssef S, Matter HC, Schumacher CL, Kharmachi H, Jemli J, et al. () Field evaluation of a dog owner, participation-based, bait delivery system for the oral immunization of dogs against rabies in Tunisia. Therefore, developing an efficient rabies vaccine for free-roaming dogs is crucial for rabies control in these countries.

Oral vaccination has been shown to be a practical way to control rabies for wildlife []. Currently, two oral rabies vaccines, SAG-2 and VR-G were recommended by WHO for dog vaccination. VR-G is a recombinant vaccinia. The oral rabies vaccine is not yet licensed for use in India so the team embedded empty capsules in dog food to test the concept.

Working with the Government of Goa Animal Husbandry Department, teams on mopeds searched for free-roaming dogs, delivering capsules in an attractive bait. Recommended Rabies Vaccine Schedule for Your Dog. Each state has its own laws for the required rabies vaccine schedule for dogs.

In most states, the first rabies vaccination is generally given to puppies at or before 16 weeks of age. The second rabies vaccination is given one year after the first vaccine. Annex 4/1: Vaccine application to dogs and oral t rabies (For references and country specific notes see annex 10) Oral immunization: tar~E't animal Coverage (In %) 80 Other animals vaccinated a2ainst rahies AFRICA Status Number of dog§ immunized cats comp.

opt. comp. 10 Rabies vaccine can be given intramuscularly or intradermally. The benefit of intradermal vaccination is that a small volume ( mL in 2 sites) is used, which can be an advantage when the supply of rabies vaccine is limited. Post-exposure vaccination options are: Intradermal vaccination.

The dog had been regularly vaccinated against rabies. It had received its first inactivated rabies vaccine in Februarywhen it was 10 to 12 weeks old. A second dose was administered 1 year later. The dog arrived in the United States on Januand received a third dose of inactivated rabies vaccine in early March.

PERRY, B.D. & WANDELER, A.l. The delivery of oral rabies vaccines to dogs: an African perspective. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, Dog rabies control relies principally on the mass immunization of dogs in order to achieve population immunity levels sufficient to inhibit rabies transmission.

TIERKEL ES, GRAVES LM, TUGGLE HG, WADLEY SL. Effective control of an outbreak of rabies in Memphis and Shelby County, Tennessee. Am J Public Health Nations Health. Sep; 40 (9)– [PMC free article] KORNS RF, ZEISSIG A.

Dog, fox, and cattle rabies in New York State; evaluation of vaccination in dogs. Am J Public Health Nations Health. Kinetics of parenteral rabies vaccines in dogs In Swedish pet dogs After primo-vaccination, virus neutralizing antibodies appear in dogs older than 3 months within 7 to 14 days.

Following a booster, antibody titers generally increase within 7 days. On average, VNA titers of lab beagles peak at 14 days, European pets between day 21 and 30 and mixed.

Postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) consists of a dose of human rabies immune globulin (HRIG) and rabies vaccine given on the day of the rabies exposure, and then a dose of vaccine given again on days 3, 7, and For people who have never been vaccinated against rabies previously, postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) should always include administration of both HRIG and rabies vaccine.

The rabies vaccine is a vaccine used to prevent are a number of rabies vaccines available that are both safe and effective.

They can be used to prevent rabies before, and for a period of time after, exposure to the rabies virus, which is commonly caused by a dog bite or a bat bite. Tell your vaccine provider if the person getting the vaccine: Has had an allergic reaction after a previous dose of rabies vaccine, or has any severe, life-threatening allergies.; Has a weakened immune system.; In some cases, your health care provider may decide to postpone a routine (non-exposure) dose of rabies vaccination to a future visit.

Rabies: How common is rabies in the United States. In54 reporting jurisdictions (U.S. states and territories) reported 4, cases of rabies in animals and 3 human rabies deaths to CDC (Hawaii is the only state that is rabies free).

Rabies vaccination must be administered to domestic pets and wolf/hybrids prior to the age of 4 months unless in the judgment of the veterinarian the animal’s medical condition would prevent the development of adequate immunity to rabies.

Animals so exempted must be inoculated against rabies as soon as their medical condition permits. Rabies vaccine info for healthcare professionals: vaccine recommendations, about rabies vaccine, storage and handling, administering vaccine, references and resources.

an owned dog against rabies and probability of vaccination came from 3 sources. Points A and B (recording vaccination coverage for all owned dogs vs. costs charged) come from 2 vaccination campaigns held in N’Djaména in andrespectively.

Point C represents the midpoint of the range of recorded clinic. The aetiologic agent of rabies is rabies virus (RABV); a non-segmented single-stranded RNA virus and member of the genus Lyssavirus (family Rhabdoviridae, order Mononegavirales).In Africa and Asia, approximately 99% of human rabies cases are dog-mediated [], making rabies a disease of significant public and veterinary health threat, albeit that it is preventable through parenteral vaccination.

The World Health Organization has made it a goal to eliminate human rabies deaths due to dog bites by the year An increase in dog rabies vaccination rates decreases dog rabies .

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